Stages of varicose veins

leg pain with varicose veins

To date, all the symptoms and manifestations of varicose veins have been studied, from which men and women of different ages suffer. This allows timely diagnosis and treatment. To find out how many stages of varicose veins exist, and to figure out what changes correspond to each of them, let's try further.

Stages of varicose veins of the lower extremities

It is extremely important to have detailed information about the stages of varicose veins. This allows you to take preventive measures and keep your feet healthy without causing serious problems. Any discomfort in the lower extremities, fatigue and swelling may be the first signs of varicose veins in the initial stage. To understand what level of the problem we are dealing with, it is necessary to familiarize ourselves with the stages of the development of the disease. There are several classifications and stages of varicose veins, each of which allows you to determine the signs of vein disease.

Classification of stages of varicose veins of the extremities according to CEAP

Phlebologists around the world use the CEAP classification to determine the stage of varicose veins of the lower extremities. She divides the disease into 7 stages:

  • C0 - no visible signs of varicose veins of the lower extremities. The initial stage may be characterized by fatigue in the legs, the patient complains of cramps and heaviness.
  • C1 - a manifestation of telangiectasia - subcutaneous capillary network, a slight expansion of the reticular veins no more than 2-3 mm in diameter. At this stage of varicose veins, in addition to spider veins, hemodynamic disturbances and other symptoms of venous insufficiency can also be diagnosed. Initial varicose veins do not require surgical intervention. The procedures for its elimination are purely cosmetic in nature.
  • C2 - visible varicose veins. At this stage, subcutaneous veins with a diameter of more than 3 mm, varicose nodes and bumps are clearly visible. The valve of the superficial vein does not work properly, due to which the blood microcirculation is disturbed. If the initial stage of varicose veins does not require surgery, then here the doctor can offer to solve the problem using modern surgical methods.
  • C3 - at this stage of varicose veins, edema of the extremities is added to the visible changes in the veins. This regularly worries the patient, creates additional discomfort while walking. Often, an integrated approach is used to treat varicose veins of the lower extremities at this stage. This includes a thorough diagnosis, drug treatment, surgery and long-term observation of a specialist.
  • C4 - discoloration and thinning of the skin, itching, burning and, as a result, venous eczema may appear. In the zone of trophic changes, the tissues acquire a brown tint, the inflamed area may become wet and covered with a crust. If left untreated, such varicose veins can lead to a more serious stage of the disease. In most cases, venous eczema is not easily reversible.
  • C5 - healed trophic ulcer. C6 - open trophic ulcer. Both stages of varicose veins of the legs are manifested by a violation of the integrity of the skin and cause excruciating pain to the patient. In addition, a peptic ulcer leads to a general decrease in the body's immunity. Persistent open wounds serve as a breeding ground for various infections that can aggravate the condition. Trophic varicose veins of the legs is the last stage, the treatment of which involves the removal of a diseased vein. Local treatment will not give any results.

It should be understood that not only varicose veins in the legs in stage C6 can cause peptic ulcer disease. There are other diseases that are key factors in the development of trophic ulcers. Treatment methods for each specific case are completely different, so it is extremely important to make an accurate diagnosis.

The first stage of varicose veins: description and symptoms

To get acquainted with the stages of varicose veins of the lower extremities for informational purposes, a narrower classification of the disease is used.

The compensation stage, when varicose veins are least pronounced, is the initial stage, which is characterized by slight discomfort in the legs during long walking or work, the presence of spider veins. The wall of the vessels does not have a pronounced deformation. The danger of the stage of varicose veins is that the disease is asymptomatic. The innate mechanisms of the body take upon themselves the "correction" of disorders in the venous vessels and compensate for their full-fledged work.

Signs of varicose veins in the early stages

  • Fatigue and heaviness in the legs;
  • Small swelling;
  • convulsions;
  • The presence of spider veins.

How to stop varicose veins in the initial stages?

When the first symptoms appear, be sure to consult a doctor. Varicose veins stage 1 is a cosmetic disease. If the diagnosis did not reveal other prerequisites and "bad" heredity, then we can talk about a mild form of the disease, associated more with lifestyle than with a more serious etiology. You can also minimize the risks by following simple recommendations for the initial stage of varicose veins:

  • Lead an active lifestyle: running, walking, swimming, etc. ;
  • Do not gain excess weight;
  • Wear comfortable shoes;
  • Do special exercises for the legs.

Varicose veins stage 2: description and symptoms

The stage of subcompensation - varicose veins on the legs become more noticeable, and the symptoms intensify. Added aching pain and frequent convulsions. The skin may acquire a bluish tint, and at the site of the appearance of venous nodes and bumps, a burning sensation and itching appear. At this stage of varicose veins, minimally invasive surgery, EVLT, and wearing compression stockings are recommended.

Varicose veins stage 3: description and symptoms

The stage of decompensation is the last stage of varicose veins, which is characterized by serious disturbances in the work of venous blood circulation. The functions of the body are not performed, and the compensatory mechanisms cease to cope with their tasks.

At this stage of development of varicose veins, hyperpigmentation of the skin appears, tissues do not receive enough nutrition, are depleted, resulting in the formation of trophic ulcers. The veins are subject to severe deformation, thrombophlebitis may develop. In case of improper treatment, stage 3 varicose veins can cause a serious blow to health, up to irreversible consequences.

In some sources, stage 4 varicose veins are distinguished, as a rule, it corresponds to the C6 classification. At all stages of the development of varicose veins, special attention should be paid to the quality of the treatment process. Only an integrated approach will achieve an effective result and remove not only the symptoms, but also the cause of the disease.

As a venotonic agent, many experts recommend a French drug that has proven itself as an angioprotective agent that improves blood circulation and has a drainage effect on the lymphatic system. Taking pills is advisable not only in the first stages of varicose veins, but also in the stages of rehabilitation after a more severe course of the disease. The dosage and time of taking the drug is determined only by the attending physician.